Sierra Maestra Mountain Range
The Sierra Maestra Mountain Range in the southeast region of Cuba in the counties of Granma and Santiago de Cuba. The highest elevation is the Pico Turquino with 1.974 meters above the sea level, which is located in Sierra heart.
This mountain constitutes the biggest mountain range in the country with form of a green bastion that skirts the southeast coast of Cuba from Cabo Cruz until the Punta de Maisí. She has around 250 km long by 60 km wide.
The half height is between 300 and 1500 meters above the sea level, also Pico Cuba stand out because has 1872 meters above the sea level and Pico Suecia with 1734 meters above the sea level.
La Sierra Maestra is one of the most majestic natural scenarios in the whole Cuba. She has excellent natural parks as the Pico Turquino, Desembarco del Granma, Santo Domingo-La Sierrita and Marea del Portillo. All this gives the possibility that La Sierra Maestra is a great ecotourism destination in the Island of Cuba.
In 1980 it was declared like national park.
La Sierra Maestra is a place of historical extraordinary value for the Cuban Island. Since the fights that liberated the aboriginal Tainos against the Spanish Colonizer, this lands were the refuge of the black slaves that escaped from their cane plantation’s lots.
La Sierra Maestra was also coat of the Rebel Army in the warfare against Batista. In that hill, Fidel Castro led the military actions in the Island, besides other personalities of the Cuba History like Che Guevara, Raúl Castro, Camilo Cienfuegos. Here several brave cubans youths fell on the field of battle as Ciro Redondo García. It was the first and principle scenario of fight in Cuba represented by the Rebel Army.
La Sierra Maestra has a lot of interest natural attractions like La Gran Piedra, a rock of 70 thousand tons located to 1225 meters high. It is about the third bigger rock of the whole world and it is registered in the Guinness Book of Records.
The best Arabic coffee, the variety of more quality in the whole world is cultivated here. La Sierra Maestra plantations allow to obtain a famous coffee which is exported to different regions of the planet.
La Sierra Maestra at the present time has became into a public scenario, meeting point and goal among the young organizations from festivities, meetings and personal decisions putting a lot of effort into the concept "We can makes the Pico Turquino's Summit".